HE
  |  
EN    
HE
  |  
EN    

Keren Hanan Aynor

We would like to extend a hearty congratulations to Mr Shimon Solomon, a long time Keren Hanan Aynor board member and former member of Knesset, on his post as Israel’s ambassador to Angola .

Mr Solomon served as a member of Knesset and the chair of the network for Israel- Africa relations, directed youth villages in Rwanda, as well as the Silver Educational Youth Village in Israel.

Keren Hanan Aynor


Keren Hanan Aynor was founded by Sarah Aynor in 1994 in memory of her husband Hanan Aynor, the Israeli ambassador to Ethiopia. Our mission is to address the needs of the Ethiopian immigrant community by assisting talented and highly-motivated Ethiopian Israelis to acquire higher academic education and/or advanced professional degrees. Our vision is to work directly with members of the Ethiopian Israeli community to promote the emergence of a core leadership committed to serving both internal needs as well as society at large, thus empowering a new generation of Ethiopians to excel and flourish in Israeli society.

Read More >

Newsletter 38 - October 2021


We are about to complete our application process for scholarship requests for the 2021-22 year and have received 49% more applications than last year at this time. Your partnership is needed more than ever! Please help us support talented and motivated Ethiopian Israeli students in academia.

Read More >

Join our newsletter list

Be the first to be updated

To make a monthly donation

Please choose an amount and press the "Donate" button

Donate
66% of student's requests are being refused by KHA each year due to lack of funds. Be a part of their success!

Submit your tax free donations today!

To date, Keren Hanan Aynor has distributed 4,572 scholarships to its graduates
Did you know that…?
70% of our scholarship recipients are women?
96% of our scholarship recipients are Ethiopian born
85% of our scholarship recipients are parents?
59 % of our scholarship recipients are studying a bachelor's degree
26% of our scholarship recipients are studying a master's degree
13% of our scholarship recipients are studying in a certificate program or other professional program
38% of our scholarship recipients are in the education/teaching certificate/ social work fields
17% of our scholarship recipients studied the social sciences/humanities
12% of our scholarship recipients studied medicine/nursing
96% of our scholarship recipients are currently employed
Our dropout rates are significantly lower than the national dropout rates amongst students in institutions of academic study throughout the country

Who we are

Our Mission 
 

Keren Hanan Aynor was founded by Sarah Aynor in 1994 in memory of her husband Hanan Aynor, the Israeli diplomat to Ethiopia. Our mission is to address the needs of the Ethiopian immigrant community by assisting talented and highly-motivated Ethiopian Israelis to acquire higher academic education and/or  advanced professional degrees. Our vision is to work directly with members of the Ethiopian Israeli community to promote the emergence of a core leadership committed to serving both internal needs as well as society at large, thus empowering a new generation of Ethiopians to excel and flourish in Israeli society.  
 
Keren Hanan Aynor inspires Ethiopian Israelis to achieve these goals by providing selected students with financial scholarships to support their education, as well as personal guidance, support, and encouragement during the course of their studies to assist them in completing their degrees.    
 
 



 


Accomplishments


Over the past two decades, Keren Hanan Aynor has distributed over 3,467 scholarships to students in over 50 different fields. Much more than a financial grant, each scholarship empowers an individual student with a critical message of support and encouragement, thus inspiring them to continue to pursue their academic dreams despite their many challenges.

Through our program, Keren Hanan Aynor enables Ethiopian-Israeli students to focus on their studies, thereby decreasing the dropout rate from institutions of higher education.


 
In Memoriam

Hanan Aynor, z”l
(1916-1993) 

Born in Frankfurt, Hanan Aynor (then Hans Sonneborn) left Nazi Germany in 1935 and joined Kibbutz Ashdot Yaakov in pre-state Israel. During World War II, he served in the British Army behind enemy lines in occupied France. Following the war, Aynor joined the Aliyah Bet operations in Europe, aiding Holocaust survivors to reach Palestine. His roles were diverse, including serving as the official translator for the ship ״Exodus״ during the months that it was detained in the port of Marseille.
 
Following the establishment of the State of Israel, Aynor joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Over the next four decades he served his country in Brazil, Canada, the United Nations, and twice, as head of the Ministry’s African desk. He also served as ambassador to Mexico, Senegal, and Ethiopia. 

Hanan Aynor in Wikipedia
 
Books published by Hanan Aynor :

AFRICA IN CRISIS H.I.M Hanan S. Aynor (Volume 1 out of 3)

AFRICA IN CRISIS CONGO Hanan S. Aynor

History of immigration from France- Sonneborn (Hebrew)























Organizational Priorities

Keren Hanan Aynor supports Ethiopian Israeli students in the following categories:

 

 Masters or PhD candidates
 Undergraduates with children who wish to upgrade their educational and professional level
 Students who are not eligible for/receiving assistance from other sources
 Students who are working toward a specialized diploma to advance their employment level
 Students who are enrolled In fields new to Ethiopian immigrants (“trail-blazers”)








Presenting credentials to Emperor Haile Selassie, 1971

Aynor headed the Israel-Africa Friendship League until his death. During the many years of his work in and on behalf of Africa, Aynor formed a strong attachment to Ethiopia and dreamed of bringing its Jews to Israel. Keren Hanan Aynor has become his legacy, helping to ensure a future for Ethiopian Jews in Israel.





Statistics

In 2021 Keren Hanan Aynor awarded 418 scholarships.


The scholarship recipients included:

         Distribution by Gender




  
             Distribution by Family Status




Our first five grant recipients, 1994  
 


Ethiopian Ambassador to Israel, third from left.
Sarah Aynor, second from left.
 

Courses taken - number of students (1994-2019): 


Accounting – 15
Accounting – 3
Accounting and information systems – 2
Accounting and instruction – 1
Accounting supplement – 1
Accounting, supplementary year – 1
Administration – 4
Administration for managers – 2
Administrative accounting – 15
Administrators program – 2
Aeronautics and space engineering – 2
Aeronautics and space engineering – 2
African studies – 1
Anthroposophical education - 1
Applied mathematics – 1
Archeology – 1
Archeology and anthropology – 3
Architecture – 1
Architecture – 1
Architecture and design – 4
Architecture and interior design - 1
Art – 7
Art instruction – 3
Art teacher – 2
Art therapy – 1
Banking and the capital market – 1
Behavioral science – 1
Behavioral science – 30
Bible – 1
Bible and literature – 2
Bible and Talmud education – 1
Bible and Talmud teacher – 1
Biochemistry and food technology – 1
Biology – 1
Biotechnology – 5
Biotechnology engineering – 4
Biotechnology technical engineer – 1
Biotechnology technical engineer – 2
Building engineering – 4
Bus driver – 4
Business administration – 115
Business administration and human resources - 6
Business administration and information systems – 1
Business administration and information systems – 1
Business administration school – 7
Caregivers – 5
Certification – 1
Certification supplement – 2
Certified guide – 1
Certified nurse – 1
Certified nurse (female) – 3
Certified nurse (male) – 7
Certified nurse certification – 1
Certified technician – 2
Chemical and biotechnology engineering – 1
Chemical and biotechnology engineering – 2
Chemical engineering – 5
Chemistry – 10
Cinematic arts and television – 2
Civil engineering – 10
Clinical biochemistry – 1
Clinical biochemistry, Ph.D. – 1
Clinical communications – 1
Clinical criminology – 2
Clinical psychology – 4
Communications – 12
Communications and education – 4
Communications and political science – 3
Communications disorders – 2
Communications systems engineering – 1
Communications, creativity, and criticism – 3
Community management and coordination – 3
Computer and network management technician – 1
Computer and network technician – 3
Computer expert – 1
Computer programming – 7
Computer science – 21
Computer science and management education – 3
Computer technical engineer – 6
Computer-mathematics – 1
Computers – 11
Construction technical engineer – 1
Consulting – 7
Consulting and communications – 1
Couple and family caregiver – 1
Criminology – 29
Criminology and education – 1
Criminology and law – 6
Criminology and law enforcement – 3
Criminology and sociology – 4
Dance – 3
Democratic education – 1
Dental hygienist – 1
Dental hygienist – 1
Dental hygienist – 1
Dental hygienist – 19
Dental hygienist – 2
Dental hygienist – 2
Dental hygienist – 21
Dentistry – 2
Department of Administration and Economics – 2
Department of Education and Psychology – 2
Department of History, Philosophy and Jewish Studies – 2
Didactic diagnosis – 1
Digital machinery drafting – 1
Digital media – 1
Dispute management and settlement – 3
Dispute management and settlement thesis – 1
Doctor receptionist – 3
Doctor secretary – 1
Dynamic diagnosis – 1
Early childhood – 11
Early childhood/kindergarten teacher – 8
Economics – 13
Economics and accounting – 9
Economics and administration – 3
Economics and business administration – 4
Economics and political science – 1
Education – 307
Education administration – 33
Education and communications – 1
Education and Hebrew language – 1
Education and history – 2
Education and instruction – 16
Education and literature – 6
Education and sociology – 7
Education and the Bible – 7
Education assistant – 1
Education consultants perspectives course – 1
Education consulting – 1
Education consulting – 1
Education consulting – 90
Education consulting and Judaism – 1
Education in technology study programs and study systems – 1
Education instruction and consulting - 1
Education policy and administration – 3
Education systems administration – 13
Education/political science - 1
Education/Teaching – 2
Educational psychology – 3
Electrical and electronics engineering – 19
Electrical engineering – 29
Electrical technical engineer – 17
Electricity – 2
Electricity and electronics – 1
Electronics – 1
Electronics and electrical technical engineer – 25
Electronics engineering – 14
Electronics technical engineer – 25
Engineering – 5
English – 4
English – multi-program – 1
English course – 1
English literature – 3
Environmental science – 1
Exact sciences teacher – 1
Faculty of Agricultural, Food, and Environmental Sciences – 1
Faculty of Biology – 2
Faculty of Biomedical Engineering – 1
Faculty of Chemical Engineering – 4
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering – 1
Faculty of Computer Science – 7
Faculty of Dentistry – 5
Faculty of Education – 31
Faculty of Electrical Engineering – 3
Faculty of Engineering – 4
Faculty of Health Sciences – 11
Faculty of Industrial Engineering and Management – 2
Faculty of Jewish Studies – 3
Faculty of Machine Engineering – 5
Faculty of Management – 9
Faculty of Materials Engineering – 1
Faculty of Mathematics – 1
Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science – 4
Faculty of Medicine – 13
Faculty of Social Sciences – 1
Faculty of the Arts – 4
Faculty of the Exact Sciences – 1
Faculty of the Humanities and Education – 1
Faculty of the Natural Sciences – 1
Faculty of the Social Sciences and Mathematics – 2
Faculty of Welfare and Health Studies – 7
Family and community – 3
Family counseling – 5
Family studies – 1
Fashion – 8
Fashion design – 1
Film and television – 11
Film and television technical engineer – 1
Finance – 3
Foreign policy – 1
Games – 11
Games and education – 1
Gender education – 4
General -6
General studies – 1
General studies – 15
General studies in the Humanities and Social Sciences – 7
General supplement – 2
Geography – 2
Geriatrics – 3
Government – 1
Group counseling – 3
Group counseling in drama – 1
Hair design – 2
Hair styling and design – 1
Health administration – 11
Health administration – 2
Health administration – 7
Health and environmental science – 1
Health science – 6
Health system – 1
Health systems administration – 55
Health systems administration, MA – 1
Hebrew language – 1
Hebrew, enterprise knowledge and information management - 1
High school – 3
History – 7
History of the Jewish nation – 3
Home consumer product studies – 1
Hotelier – 5
Human resources – 1
Humanities – 1
Humanities and social sciences – 2
Immunology – 2
Industrial administration and control – 7
Industrial and management engineering – 22
Industrial and management technician – 10
Industrial and management technician – 4
Industrial management and marketing – 3
Industry and management technical engineer – 53
Infant education – 42
Infant instruction – 8
Infants – 11
Infants/kindergarten teacher – 8
Informal education and – 13
Informal education and aneropology – 1
Informal education and Land of Israel studies – 1
Information studies – 2
Information systems engineering – 1
Insurance – 2
Integrated construction technical engineer – 1
Integrated intensive care course – 1
Interdisciplinary democracy studies – 1
Interdisciplinary studies – 7
Interdisciplinary studies in human resources, education – 1
Interdisciplinary studies in the Social Sciences – 15
Interior design – 1
International relations – 4
Investment portfolio consulting and management – 1
Israel studies – 3
Jewish studies – 1
Jewish studies – 8
Jewish studies Hebrew education – 3
Jewish Thought and Education - 3
Judaism – 5
Land appraisal – 1
Language education in a multicultural society – 1
Law – 63
Learning disabilities diagnosis and treatment – 2
Legal secretary – 1
Life sciences – 13
Linguistics – 6
Literature – 4
Literature and Bible – 5
Logistics – 4
Machine and mechatronics engineering – 3
Machine engineering – 39
Machine technician – 1
Machine technician – 2
Machinery technical engineer – 2
Management and marketing – 2
Managers program – 2
Marine and marine environment studies – 3
Marketing technical engineer – 1
Mass communications – 5
Master in Public Health – 1
Material engineering – 7
Mathematical education – 2
Mathematical education for primary school – 1
Mathematics – 4
Mechanical engineering – 1
Mechanics – 3
Mechatronics technical engineer – 1
Mediation – 5
Medical devices – 2
Medical devices operation – 3
Medical devices technical engineer – 2
Medical laboratory – 3
Medical laboratory science – 4
Medical technology – 2
Medication course – 1
Medicine – 18
Metalsmithing - 4
Microsoft technical engineer – 5
Midwives course – 1
Mobile communications – 1
Molecular biology – 3
Multidisciplinary department – 1
Multidisciplinary instruction in the humanities – 3
Music – 6
Music and special education – 1
Music teacher – 3
Narration – 1
Natural and life sciences – 2
Naturopathy and supplementary medicine – 1
Network management – 3
Network technical engineer – 2
NGO administration – 1
NGO administration – 5
Nursing – 142
Nursing certification – 4
Nursing certification supplement - 71
Occupational therapy – 6
Occupational therapy, MA – 1
Oncology course – 3
Organization consulting - 2
Organization consulting and development – 5
Other – 22
Parent counseling – 6
Parent group counseling – 12
Parent group counseling studies – 1
PC technician – 2
Pharmacology (thesis) – 1
Pharmacy – 4
Philosophy – 1
Photography, video, and imaging – 4
Physical education – 9
Physics/electro-optical engineering – 1
Physiotherapy – 2
Political science – 49
Political science and English – 1
Political science and internal auditing – 1
Political science and international relations – 3
Political science and public administration – 6
Practical nurse – 1
Practical social work – 3
Pre-academic course – 1
Premed – 1
Prep course – 2
Preventative medicine, Ph.D. – 4
Primary education – 1
Primary education – 1
Principal instruction 1
Products technician – 1
Professional consmetics – 4
Programming – 1
Psychodrama – 1
Psychological and social perspectives – 1
Psychology – 3
Psychology and education – 5
Psychotherapy – family and couples treatment – 1
Public administration – 17
Public administration and internal auditing – 1
Public administration policy – 3
Public and enterprise auditing – 1
Public auditing – 1
Public health – 7
Public health, clinical program M.Ph. – 1
Public health, MA – 1
Public policy – 13
Public policy and administration – 49
Public policy school - 8
Quality assurance – 1
Quality assurance and reliability – 1
Reflexology – 1
Registered nurses – 1
Retraining as a social worker – 3
School of Education – 14
School of Pharmacy – 1
School of Public Health – 2
Science teacher – 5
Science technology – 1
Security officers course – 1
Security studies – 3
Sex education – 13
Sexuality and intimacy – 1
Skills – 2
Social sciences – 48
Social sciences and education – 12
Social Sciences and Humanities Multidisciplinary – 12
Social sciences/social work – 1
Social work – 146
Social work school – 69
Social worker – 2
Society and government/criminology – 1
Society-politics – 2
Sociology – 4
Sociology and anthropology – 12
Sociology and anthropology – 2
Sociology and education – 1
Sociology and instruction – 1
Sociology, Political Science, and Communications - 1
Software engineering – 41
Software systems – 1
Software technical engineer - 15
Sound technical engineer – 2
Spatial biology – 1
Special education – 1
Special education – 1
Special education – 70
Special education – kindergarten through 6th Grade – 2
Special education for ages 6-21 – 3
Special education instruction – 7
Special education, kindergarten – 2
Sports coach – 1
Sports science – 1
Supplementary medicine – 2
Systems analysis – 1
Systems engineering – 2
Tax consulting – 1
Teaching – 58
Teaching certificate – 31
Teaching certificate in history – 1
Teaching certificate/education –31
Technical engineer – 66
Technological marketing – 2
Technology management – 2
Technology management and marketing – 2
Television and film communications – 3
Textiles and interior design – 2
Theater – 1
Thesis laboratory research – 3
To be completed – 3
Tourism – 3
Tourism and hotel studies – 2
Undergraduate laboratory worker – 1
Unknown – 36
Vehicle electronics – 1
Veterinary care – 1
Visual communications – 5
Visual communications – 8
Visual communications and graphic design – 1
Visual communications technical engineer – 1
Warehouse and systems administration – 1
X-ray machines – 1
Youth advancement – 3
Youth advancement and care – 24
Youth advancement and counseling – 6
Youth advancement program - 1
Accounting – 15
Accounting – 3
Accounting and information systems – 2
Accounting and instruction – 1
Accounting supplement – 1
Accounting, supplementary year – 1
Administration – 4
Administration for managers – 2
Administrative accounting – 15
Administrators program – 2
Aeronautics and space engineering – 2
Aeronautics and space engineering – 2
African studies – 1
Anthroposophical education - 1
Applied mathematics – 1
Archeology – 1
Archeology and anthropology – 3
Architecture – 1
Architecture – 1
Architecture and design – 4
Architecture and interior design - 1
Art – 7
Art instruction – 3
Art teacher – 2
Art therapy – 1
Banking and the capital market – 1
Behavioral science – 1
Behavioral science – 30
Bible – 1
Bible and literature – 2
Bible and Talmud education – 1
Bible and Talmud teacher – 1
Biochemistry and food technology – 1
Biology – 1
Biotechnology – 5
Biotechnology engineering – 4
Biotechnology technical engineer – 1
Biotechnology technical engineer – 2
Building engineering – 4
Bus driver – 4
Business administration – 115
Business administration and human resources - 6
Business administration and information systems – 1
Business administration and information systems – 1
Business administration school – 7
Caregivers – 5
Certification – 1
Certification supplement – 2
Certified guide – 1
Certified nurse – 1
Certified nurse (female) – 3
Certified nurse (male) – 7
Certified nurse certification – 1
Certified technician – 2
Chemical and biotechnology engineering – 1
Chemical and biotechnology engineering – 2
Chemical engineering – 5
Chemistry – 10
Cinematic arts and television – 2
Civil engineering – 10
Clinical biochemistry – 1
Clinical biochemistry, Ph.D. – 1
Clinical communications – 1
Clinical criminology – 2
Clinical psychology – 4
Communications – 12
Communications and education – 4
Communications and political science – 3
Communications disorders – 2
Communications systems engineering – 1
Communications, creativity, and criticism – 3
Community management and coordination – 3
Computer and network management technician – 1
Computer and network technician – 3
Computer expert – 1
Computer programming – 7
Computer science – 21
Computer science and management education – 3
Computer technical engineer – 6
Computer-mathematics – 1
Computers – 11
Construction technical engineer – 1
Consulting – 7
Consulting and communications – 1
Couple and family caregiver – 1
Criminology – 29
Criminology and education – 1
Criminology and law – 6
Criminology and law enforcement – 3
Criminology and sociology – 4
Dance – 3
Democratic education – 1
Dental hygienist – 1
Dental hygienist – 1
Dental hygienist – 1
Dental hygienist – 19
Dental hygienist – 2
Dental hygienist – 2
Dental hygienist – 21
Dentistry – 2
Department of Administration and Economics – 2
Department of Education and Psychology – 2
Department of History, Philosophy and Jewish Studies – 2
Didactic diagnosis – 1
Digital machinery drafting – 1
Digital media – 1
Dispute management and settlement – 3
Dispute management and settlement thesis – 1
Doctor receptionist – 3
Doctor secretary – 1
Dynamic diagnosis – 1
Early childhood – 11
Early childhood/kindergarten teacher – 8
Economics – 13
Economics and accounting – 9
Economics and administration – 3
Economics and business administration – 4
Economics and political science – 1
Education – 307
Education administration – 33
Education and communications – 1
Education and Hebrew language – 1
Education and history – 2
Education and instruction – 16
Education and literature – 6
Education and sociology – 7
Education and the Bible – 7
Education assistant – 1
Education consultants perspectives course – 1
Education consulting – 1
Education consulting – 1
Education consulting – 90
Education consulting and Judaism – 1
Education in technology study programs and study systems – 1
Education instruction and consulting - 1
Education policy and administration – 3
Education systems administration – 13
Education/political science - 1
Education/Teaching – 2
Educational psychology – 3
Electrical and electronics engineering – 19
Electrical engineering – 29
Electrical technical engineer – 17
Electricity – 2
Electricity and electronics – 1
Electronics – 1
Electronics and electrical technical engineer – 25
Electronics engineering – 14
Electronics technical engineer – 25
Engineering – 5
English – 4
English – multi-program – 1
English course – 1
English literature – 3
Environmental science – 1
Exact sciences teacher – 1
Faculty of Agricultural, Food, and Environmental Sciences – 1
Faculty of Biology – 2
Faculty of Biomedical Engineering – 1
Faculty of Chemical Engineering – 4
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering – 1
Faculty of Computer Science – 7
Faculty of Dentistry – 5
Faculty of Education – 31
Faculty of Electrical Engineering – 3
Faculty of Engineering – 4
Faculty of Health Sciences – 11
Faculty of Industrial Engineering and Management – 2
Faculty of Jewish Studies – 3
Faculty of Machine Engineering – 5
Faculty of Management – 9
Faculty of Materials Engineering – 1
Faculty of Mathematics – 1
Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science – 4
Faculty of Medicine – 13
Faculty of Social Sciences – 1
Faculty of the Arts – 4
Faculty of the Exact Sciences – 1
Faculty of the Humanities and Education – 1
Faculty of the Natural Sciences – 1
Faculty of the Social Sciences and Mathematics – 2
Faculty of Welfare and Health Studies – 7
Family and community – 3
Family counseling – 5
Family studies – 1
Fashion – 8
Fashion design – 1
Film and television – 11
Film and television technical engineer – 1
Finance – 3
Foreign policy – 1
Games – 11
Games and education – 1
Gender education – 4
General -6
General studies – 1
General studies – 15
General studies in the Humanities and Social Sciences – 7
General supplement – 2
Geography – 2
Geriatrics – 3
Government – 1
Group counseling – 3
Group counseling in drama – 1
Hair design – 2
Hair styling and design – 1
Health administration – 11
Health administration – 2
Health administration – 7
Health and environmental science – 1
Health science – 6
Health system – 1
Health systems administration – 55
Health systems administration, MA – 1
Hebrew language – 1
Hebrew, enterprise knowledge and information management - 1
High school – 3
History – 7
History of the Jewish nation – 3
Home consumer product studies – 1
Hotelier – 5
Human resources – 1
Humanities – 1
Humanities and social sciences – 2
Immunology – 2
Industrial administration and control – 7
Industrial and management engineering – 22
Industrial and management technician – 10
Industrial and management technician – 4
Industrial management and marketing – 3
Industry and management technical engineer – 53
Infant education – 42
Infant instruction – 8
Infants – 11
Infants/kindergarten teacher – 8
Informal education and – 13
Informal education and aneropology – 1
Informal education and Land of Israel studies – 1
Information studies – 2
Information systems engineering – 1
Insurance – 2
Integrated construction technical engineer – 1
Integrated intensive care course – 1
Interdisciplinary democracy studies – 1
Interdisciplinary studies – 7
Interdisciplinary studies in human resources, education – 1
Interdisciplinary studies in the Social Sciences – 15
Interior design – 1
International relations – 4
Investment portfolio consulting and management – 1
Israel studies – 3
Jewish studies – 1
Jewish studies – 8
Jewish studies Hebrew education – 3
Jewish Thought and Education - 3
Judaism – 5
Land appraisal – 1
Language education in a multicultural society – 1
Law – 63
Learning disabilities diagnosis and treatment – 2
Legal secretary – 1
Life sciences – 13
Linguistics – 6
Literature – 4
Literature and Bible – 5
Logistics – 4
Machine and mechatronics engineering – 3
Machine engineering – 39
Machine technician – 1
Machine technician – 2
Machinery technical engineer – 2
Management and marketing – 2
Managers program – 2
Marine and marine environment studies – 3
Marketing technical engineer – 1
Mass communications – 5
Master in Public Health – 1
Material engineering – 7
Mathematical education – 2
Mathematical education for primary school – 1
Mathematics – 4
Mechanical engineering – 1
Mechanics – 3
Mechatronics technical engineer – 1
Mediation – 5
Medical devices – 2
Medical devices operation – 3
Medical devices technical engineer – 2
Medical laboratory – 3
Medical laboratory science – 4
Medical technology – 2
Medication course – 1
Medicine – 18
Metalsmithing - 4
Microsoft technical engineer – 5
Midwives course – 1
Mobile communications – 1
Molecular biology – 3
Multidisciplinary department – 1
Multidisciplinary instruction in the humanities – 3
Music – 6
Music and special education – 1
Music teacher – 3
Narration – 1
Natural and life sciences – 2
Naturopathy and supplementary medicine – 1
Network management – 3
Network technical engineer – 2
NGO administration – 1
NGO administration – 5
Nursing – 142
Nursing certification – 4
Nursing certification supplement - 71
Occupational therapy – 6
Occupational therapy, MA – 1
Oncology course – 3
Organization consulting - 2
Organization consulting and development – 5
Other – 22
Parent counseling – 6
Parent group counseling – 12
Parent group counseling studies – 1
PC technician – 2
Pharmacology (thesis) – 1
Pharmacy – 4
Philosophy – 1
Photography, video, and imaging – 4
Physical education – 9
Physics/electro-optical engineering – 1
Physiotherapy – 2
Political science – 49
Political science and English – 1
Political science and internal auditing – 1
Political science and international relations – 3
Political science and public administration – 6
Practical nurse – 1
Practical social work – 3
Pre-academic course – 1
Premed – 1
Prep course – 2
Preventative medicine, Ph.D. – 4
Primary education – 1
Primary education – 1
Principal instruction 1
Products technician – 1
Professional consmetics – 4
Programming – 1
Psychodrama – 1
Psychological and social perspectives – 1
Psychology – 3
Psychology and education – 5
Psychotherapy – family and couples treatment – 1
Public administration – 17
Public administration and internal auditing – 1
Public administration policy – 3
Public and enterprise auditing – 1
Public auditing – 1
Public health – 7
Public health, clinical program M.Ph. – 1
Public health, MA – 1
Public policy – 13
Public policy and administration – 49
Public policy school - 8
Quality assurance – 1
Quality assurance and reliability – 1
Reflexology – 1
Registered nurses – 1
Retraining as a social worker – 3
School of Education – 14
School of Pharmacy – 1
School of Public Health – 2
Science teacher – 5
Science technology – 1
Security officers course – 1
Security studies – 3
Sex education – 13
Sexuality and intimacy – 1
Skills – 2
Social sciences – 48
Social sciences and education – 12
Social Sciences and Humanities Multidisciplinary – 12
Social sciences/social work – 1
Social work – 146
Social work school – 69
Social worker – 2
Society and government/criminology – 1
Society-politics – 2
Sociology – 4
Sociology and anthropology – 12
Sociology and anthropology – 2
Sociology and education – 1
Sociology and instruction – 1
Sociology, Political Science, and Communications - 1
Software engineering – 41
Software systems – 1
Software technical engineer - 15
Sound technical engineer – 2
Spatial biology – 1
Special education – 1
Special education – 1
Special education – 70
Special education – kindergarten through 6th Grade – 2
Special education for ages 6-21 – 3
Special education instruction – 7
Special education, kindergarten – 2
Sports coach – 1
Sports science – 1
Supplementary medicine – 2
Systems analysis – 1
Systems engineering – 2
Tax consulting – 1
Teaching – 58
Teaching certificate – 31
Teaching certificate in history – 1
Teaching certificate/education –31
Technical engineer – 66
Technological marketing – 2
Technology management – 2
Technology management and marketing – 2
Television and film communications – 3
Textiles and interior design – 2
Theater – 1
Thesis laboratory research – 3
To be completed – 3
Tourism – 3
Tourism and hotel studies – 2
Undergraduate laboratory worker – 1
Unknown – 36
Vehicle electronics – 1
Veterinary care – 1
Visual communications – 5
Visual communications – 8
Visual communications and graphic design – 1
Visual communications technical engineer – 1
Warehouse and systems administration – 1
X-ray machines – 1
Youth advancement – 3
Youth advancement and care – 24
Youth advancement and counseling – 6
Youth advancement program - 1
 


 
 

Grants sorted by years:


 
1994/5   -  5
1995/6   -  11
1996/7   -  21
1997/8   -  80
1998/9   -  120
1999/00 -  139
2000/1   -  176
2001/2   -  230
2002/3   -  236
2003/4   -  270
2004/5   -  270
2005/6   -  258
2006/7   -  246
2007/8 - 212
 
2008/9   -  163
2009/10 -  130
2010/11 -  150
2011/12 -  102
2012/13 -  141
2013/14 -   73
2014/15 -   67
2015/16 -   92
2016/17 -   178
2017/18 -   138
2018/19 -   240
2019/20 - 306
2020/21 - 418
----------------------
Total     -   4,572
 
 


Founder

Sarah Aynor of Blessed Memory

Co-Founder, Honorary Chairperson

About Sarah Aynor
Sarah Aynor was born in Tel Aviv in 1925 and passed away in November 2016. She has dedicated her life to strengthening Jewish life in Israel and around the world. Following her graduation from Lewinsky Teachers Seminary, she spent two years in Shfea youth village as a teacher, was sent by the "mosad l’aliya Bet " to Marseilles France to absorb children in orphanages from North Africa and Europe on their way to the newly born State of Israel. She later established the Women’s Division at Keren Hayesod. Following her marriage to Hanan Aynor and as a mother of two, she served with him at various posts in Canada, US, Africa and Mexico. Following Hanan’s death, she founded and served as the driving force in turning the dream of assisting the newly arrived Ethiopians to acquire an academic degree and successfully become full Israeli citizens. Running the organization out of her home, Sarah became a matriarch to the students: supportive and encouraging, imbued with ideas and advice, all shared with an abundance of care and love. Sarah knew each student by name, knew their families, their field of study, their strengths and where each one could use a helping hand. This was true when there were five students and as true, when there were as many as 270 students.

Board Of Directors

Tsega Melaku

Tsega Melaku

Chairperson, Journalist

Dr. Tsega Melaku was born in Ethiopia and immigrated to Israel at the age of 16 in 1984. Tsega studied at Bar Ilan University where she completed a BA in Political Science and Sociology. Following this, Tsega continued in academia and was one of the first Keren Hanan Aynor scholarship recipients while completing her MA in business at the Touro College in Jerusalem. She recently completed her PHd in Political Science and Journalism from the University of Adam Mickiewicz. In 2014, Tsega authored a book entitled Not in Our School which documents the racism she faced in her effort to have her children attend a better school. Along with many volunteer committee positions in government, journalism and culture, Tsega serves on Board of the Public Counsel of the Menachem Begin Legacy Centre. Tsega has had an active career in journalism for three decades and has served in various capacities including working for the Israeli Broadcasting Authority both in radio and on television. Tsega is particularly well known for having been both the first woman as well as the first Ethiopian to have directed the popular Israeli Hebrew radio station, Reshet Alef. Tsega has been involved in helping to promote the Ethiopian Israeli community for many years, and among her many projects, has served as the Chief Editor of Fana, an Ethiopian Israeli newspaper which is published in both Amharic and Hebrew. A strong believer in the importance of higher education in order to promote the Ethiopian community in Israel, Tsega has served on the board of directors of Keren Hanan Aynor since 1994, and began her position as Board Chairperson in 2008. Tsega is the mother of two sons, Emmanuel and Yonatan.
Amos Aynor

Amos Aynor

CEO, On-Air Ltd.

As a child of a diplomat, educated in the US and with extensive managerial experience, Amos has broad international connections in Europe, Central, South and North America and is fluent in multiple languages. In 1982, Amos established and served as the CEO of ON-AIR Ltd, one of Israel’s largest broadcast-equipment rental companies, specializing in camera, sound, editing and satellite services for foreign and local TV production companies. He also worked with government offices and private companies to design and produce large commercial, reality, documentary and feature-films media projects. Amos was responsible for successfully managing extensive projects (up to $3 million annually) and has broad knowledge and experience in budgeting, operations, monthly and annual reports and achieving target goals.
Shimon Solomon

Shimon Solomon

Former Knesset member, Yesh Atid party

Born in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia, Solomon immigrated to Israel in 1980 as part of Operation Brothers. Between 2005 and 2007 he worked in the Israeli embassy in Addis Ababa, before becoming director of an immigrant absorption centre in Beersheba. He also worked as Director of Education at the Agahozo-Shalom Youth Village, which is a living, learning, and healing community, home to 500 of the most vulnerable youth in Rwanda. He was one of the founders of the new Yesh Atid party prior to the 2013 elections, and was placed twelfth on the party's list, becoming a Knesset member as the party won 19 seats. Prior to the 2015 elections, he chose not to run for re-election.
Tzippy (Tzippora) Ron

Tzippy (Tzippora) Ron

CEO, The Tolerance Organization

Pnina Agenyahu

Pnina Agenyahu

Director of Interfaces and Synergy Strategy, Planning and Content Unit, The Jewish Agency for Israel

Pnina Agenyahu is Senior Shlicha of The Jewish Federation of Greater Washington in partnership with The Jewish Agency. She previously served as director of the Hillel Center at Tel Aviv University, and has extensive experience in public speaking and teaching. In 2014, as Israel marked 66 years of independence with a tribute to women, Pnina was named by Haaretz as one of ‘66 influential Israeli women you should know’.
Micha Feldman

Micha Feldman

Former Head of Jewish Agency in Ethiopia

Since 1970 Micha Feldmann has worked on immigration and absorption, and since 1982 he has devoted his life to bringing the Ethiopian Jews to Israel, and help them in their absorption into Israeli society. Prior to “Operation Salomon” Micha was the head of the Jewish Agency mission to Ethiopia and the Israeli consul there. He took part in "Operation Salomon" that in 1991 succeeded in bringing out of besieged Addis Ababa in one weekend 14,310 Ethiopian Jews. Micha speaks Amharic fluently and knows virtually every Ethiopian family in Israel. He is therefore known as “Abba Micha”. Currently Micha serves as the director of the Ethiopian department within SELAH - the Israel Crisis Management Center, an organization that takes care of New Immigrants from Ethiopia and the FSU, who were stricken by tragedy.
Rachamin Elazar

Rachamin Elazar

News anchor and radio presenter on Kan Radio Reka in Amharic. Ethiopian Israel Community activist in the framework of the Ethiopian Jewish Association in Israel and later in other organizations such as the Public Council for Ethiopian Jews.
Zvi Ginosar

Zvi Ginosar

Businessman

Zvi is a Senior Hi Tech executive with 30 years of experience. He held business management positions in the Israeli Government (Finance Ministry) and private companies (Intel, Numonyx and Micron Technology) with focus on Commercial, Financial and Strategic areas. Currently engaged with multiple Israeli Hi Tech companies related to their strategic initiatives. Zvi is active in volunteering of governance work for Bezalel Academy of Art (Past) and Alyn Hospital (Current). Zvi joined the Keren Hanan Aynor Board of Directors in 2011. Zvi holds a BA in Economics and an MBA both from the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. He is married with 3 children and currently lives in Mevasseret Zion.
Zeev Kaso

Zeev Kaso

Head of the Program for the Advancement of Ethiopian Students and the Development of Social Leadership at the Ono Academic College

Mr. Zeev Kaso, attorney at law is the Head of the Program for the Advancement of Students of Ethiopian Descent in Higher Education and the Development of Social Leadership that was founded 17 years ago at the Ono Academic College. The program was developed to create significant change among Israelis of Ethiopian descent. The over arching goal is the investment in academic education in an effort to assist in their full integration into the Israeli workforce by developing a core leadership in the community and in Israeli society as a whole.
Yosef I. Abramowitz

Yosef I. Abramowitz

CEO, Energiya Global Capital

Yosef I. Abramowitz has worked on behalf of Ethiopian aliya and klita for over 30 years, helped create the Ethiopian students association, organized the first activist conferences for the aliya, was held at gunpoint in northern Ethiopia, and served as #3 on the Atid Ehad Ethiopian Knesset list. He, along with D’vora Greisman, worked closely with Amb. Aynor in designing the global activist campaign that eventually led up to Operation Solomon. Yossi accompanied the Prime Minister on his recent visit to Ethiopia in his role as co founder of the solar industries in Israel and East Africa. Named by CNN as one of the top six Green Pioneers worldwide, Yossi won Israel’s Green Globe award in the Knesset and serves as CEO of Energiya Global, a solar developer. He is married to Rabbi Susan Silverman and they have five children, two of whom are Ethiopian. He can be followed at @Kaptainsunshine
Kobi Bendaluk

Kobi Bendaluk

COE, InsurTechIsrael

Kobi Bendaluk is a Colonel in the Israeli Defence Forces and holds a Bachelors degree in social sciences and a Masters degree in Law. Kobi is the founder of Reshef, a company of the Migdal Insurance Agency which specialises in special risk insurance policies. Today, Kobi is the Executive Director of InsurTechIsrael . In previous years, Kobi served as a municipal board member of the Shoham Council, as the director of the Municipal committee and board member of the Planning and Building Committes. He also serves on the board of the NGO "Derech Eretz" a preparatory program for youth entering the IDF.
Haggai Erlich

Haggai Erlich

Haggai Erlich is professor emeritus at Tel Aviv University and an academic adviser at the Open University of Israel where he is the head of Middle Eastern History studies. He is the Landau Prize recipient for 2010 in African Studies.
Haim Confino

Haim Confino

Business development

VP, CEO and Director at high-tech companies for 20 years. He established and managed complex projects valued at tens of millions in third world countries. In 1989, he was Israel’s emissary to Ethiopia. He was involved in the political efforts to renew the relations between Israel and Ethiopia, help the Jews of Ethiopia immigrate to Israel and establish the embassy in 1990. In 1991, he took part in the planning and implementation of Operation Solomon. Afterward, he helped lay the foundation for relations with the new government. Between 1994-1997, Confino was the regional representative responsible for Ethiopia, among other areas. He assisted the embassies with immigration issues. In 2003, as part of his position at a high-tech company, he founded the Ethiopian passport project for the Ethiopian Ministry of Immigration and managed the connection with this customer on an ongoing basis until 2016. Confino is married, has 4 children and 4 grandchildren.



Ethiopian Community

A Brief History of the Ethiopian Israeli Community


Since ancient times, Ethiopian Jews have maintained a close link to their Jewish identity and traditions.  A yearning for Jerusalem has always been central to their culture and customs.  
 
Despite numerous set-backs and tremendous hardships, in the 20th century their dream of immigrating to their homeland in Israel became a reality. 
 
1975 - The Israeli government confirms that the “Law of Return” applies to Ethiopian Jews.  
 
1979-1990 - A Mossad agent organizes the first journey of 32 Ethiopian Jews to Israel through Sudan. Their letters home inspire many Ethiopians to attempt the  journey through Sudan on foot. The journey is filled with dangers, and during the 1980’s thousands of Ethiopians die en route to Israel.
 
1984-1985 - Operation Moses: Approximately 7,000 Ethiopian Jews arrive in Israel on 23 secret flights flying through Europe. Following a leak to the press about the operation, the Arab world is outraged and the operation is stopped. Numerous Ethiopians are separated from family members left behind in Ethiopia.  

Today’s Challenges in the Ethiopian Israeli Community 

While Ethiopian Israelis have made many strides in Israeli society during the past two decades, their overall picture, as compared to the rest of Israeli society, still remains bleak. According to recent studies by the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics, only 30% of Ethiopian Israelis (compared to the national average of 50%) complete their high school matriculation exams. The average Ethiopian Israeli household has a monthly income of only  NIS 7,328 (~ $1,800), compared with an Israeli national average of NIS 12,010 (~$ 3,000).

Furthermore, there is a far higher incidence of single-parent households, 23%, more than twice the nationwide percentage. 
 

 
Our program allows students who are academically and motivationally capable of acquiring degrees to complete their studies without having finances or socio-economic pressures become a deciding factor.


1985-1990 - The flow of Ethiopian Jews coming to Israel through Sudan is renewed. Through rescue missions by the Mossad, 1500 immigrants arrive to Israel. During a time span of 10 years, the Mossad helps close to 16,000 Ethiopian Jews through Sudan, not including those who came with Operation Solomon.

1989 - Renewal of diplomatic relations between Ethiopia and Israel: an Israeli embassy opens in Addis Ababa and Ethiopian Jews start arriving to Addis Ababa from surrounding villages.

1991 - Operation Solomon, May 25-26th, 1991: Within 36 hours, an unprecedented aliyah operation takes place and 14,310 members of “Beta Israel” are brought to Israel by air from Addis Ababa. During 1990-1993 over 30,000 Ethiopian Jews arrive in Israel.

2021Israel estimates that approximately 145,000 Ethiopian Jews are living in the State of Israel. The aliyah from Ethiopia continues today.
 





 
All of these realities lead many highly talented and motivated Ethiopians Israelis to succumb to economic and emotional pressures and to remain trapped in a vicious poverty cycle which does not enable them to fulfill their potential as the highly-educated contributing members of Israeli society that they long to be. 

Fortunately, there is no shortage of talented and motivated Ethiopians, and if not for lack of financial resources, many more would presently be enrolled in higher academic institutions.

At present, Keren Hanan Aynor turns away over 60% of our qualified applicants due to lack of funds. On a regular basis, it comes to our attention that students who have been turned down by our program due to lack of funding, have either taken a leave of absence from school for a year or have left academia completely. This type of finance-related dropout is directly impacted by the number of scholarships which we are able to provide each year. 



History

Hagai Ehrlich,
Remarks at the scholarship awards ceremony, Keren Hanan Aynor, January 2019.

Ethiopia – Four Chapters
I would like to congratulate Keren Hanan Aynor and the scholarship recipients. I will open with something that is a bit personal. My father was a tar worker. For fifty years, he tarred an infinite number of roofs. There’s no work that is harder. It’s excruciating. As a boy and a teenager, and even as a college student, I helped him. I pulled the buckets of tar up to the roof by a rope. While the two of us rested under the scaffoldings, he would repeat to me, “Life is like the stairwell of the building. Don’t start life from the basement. Go up to the top. There’s no elevator. You have to go up the stairs. The stairs are education. Learn. Don’t start life from the first-floor window. Not from the second floor either. Go up the levels of education as high as you can. The more you learn, the better your life will be. Live your life on a level where there is light and a view.” Today, as I stand here before you, scholarship awardees, I am honored to repeat his words. Go up the stairs. Start life from the highest window you can reach. The more you acquire knowledge and a profession, the lighter your life will be. Again, thank you to Keren Aynor for helping ascend these stairs.
 
I met Hanan Aynor at the same time that I met Ethiopia. I completed my studies at Tel Aviv University, and then at Hebrew University, and I traveled to University of London in order to continue my studies and write a doctorate about Ethiopia. Between 1970 – 1973, I spent a few periods in that country. Those were peak days in the relations between Israel and Ethiopia. About a hundred Israeli families were working there and advancing the country in a range of areas, from defense and army to medicine, from agriculture and infrastructures to industry and education. The magnanimous Ambassador Hanan Aynor, and his beautiful and intelligent wife Sarah, oversaw all of the activity. They were filled with a sense of mission. All of Ethiopia was infused with hope.
 
In two words, I can define Ethiopia of those days. The Ethiopia of Haile Selassie. Pride and hope.
 
The pride was visible on everyone’s faces. The country was poor. Addis Ababa was more a collection of straw and mud huts than of stone buildings. There were hotels for foreigners and palaces of the emperor and the nobility. Distant complexes for foreign embassies. There were no sidewalks and few paved streets. Even on them, there were more convoys of donkeys than cars. Green colored aluminum walls separated between the tourists and the sights of poverty. An abundance of beggars displayed their handicaps and diseases. Occasionally, especially if there was a diplomatic event, trucks would arrive with soldiers and collect these ill-fated people to throw them far away from Addis Ababa. Sometimes, the emperor would appear in a Rolls Royce or lavish Cadillac and throw coins to the masses. According to tradition, he was the 225th emperor in the Solomonic dynasty, the descendants of the Queen of Sheba and King Solomon of biblical times. But Ethiopia of those days seemed to be still stuck in biblical times. Hundreds of churches and masses of people clad in white, engrossed in prayers, overcome with fervent awe. Holidays and festivals were celebrated in Christian ceremonies filled with traditions from the Hebrew bible. Ethiopia had one newspaper, called Addis Time in Amharic or Ethiopian Herald in English. There were no political parties. Students from Haile Selassie University only allowed themselves to whisper in secret against the general backwardness. No one dared to say that the emperor was not God’s chosen one. But with the poverty and fear, there was a lot of pride too. Men, women and children walked with their heads held high. Confident in their place under the sun. Their eyes spoke two thousand years of history of independence. Sons of a country that was capable of defending itself against some of the strongest and most aggressive forces in history: imperial Islam and European imperialism. With the exception of two short episodes, imperial Ethiopia, throughout the generations, only had victories. For me personally, as a college student, this pride integrated well with the doctorate that I wrote. I learned about Ras Alula, the son of farmers who, for twenty years, while the rest of Africa was being conquered and crushed by Europeans, beat them again and again. From the battle of Dogali to the battle of Adwa. March 1 is Adwa Day. The national holiday was a day of victory. Who celebrated victories in Africa or Asia of those times? Only the Ethiopians. On Adwa Day, the masses drank, ate, and listened to speeches by nobles and priests about victorious Ethiopia. From Addis Ababa, I traveled northward to Tigray and Eretria to learn more about Ras Alula. I saw regions stricken by draught and masses of people suffering from hunger, but pride was everywhere.
 
There was also hope. The general feeling was that the future is near, and it will be good. The emperor was already elderly and feeble. He also did something important – he built a class of intellectuals, some in uniform and some bureaucrats. In 1973, there were about ten thousand university graduates in Ethiopia. They were meant to lead it forward. Addis Ababa was already the capital of all of Africa. The Organisation of African Unity was situated in Africa Hall palace. Hundreds of representatives of the newly-awakened continent, members of liberation movements and revolutionaries, were role models and an inspiration for the younger generation of Ethiopians, as well as for hundreds of young adults from the USA and western Europe. And Israelis too. Israelis were everywhere, as I mentioned. Effective, noisy, innovative. The Ethiopians trusted them more than others. Israelis were invited to help in the most important and sensitive places. After the victory of the Six Day War in 1967, the romantic view that the Children of Israel, descendants of King Solomon, could do anything. Many of the top Israeli brass came and went – Rabin, Peres, Chaim Bar Lev, everyone. Hundreds of articles in the Ethiopian Herald and Addis Time praised Israel as if it were a superpower. Books about Exodus, about Our Man in Damascus – Eli Cohen, about the victory of the Six Day War, were sold at stalls. Ethiopia was Israel’s ally against the Arab and Muslim world. On the Ethiopian side, it was all a bit romantic and biblical. On the Israeli side, it was more calculated, strategic.
 
On one of my trips up north, I reached the Jewish villages next to Gondar, back in 1970. I remember a hut with a Star of David on it. A young woman sat with a baby in her arms and sold small black clay figurines of the lion of Judah. A gaunt young man arrived at the hotel in Gondar and announced that he was on his way to Israel. At that time, the issue of the Jews of Ethiopia – the term “Falash Mura” was common then – was barely on the Israeli agenda. The Chief Rabbinate had not yet recognized their Judaism. Haile Selassie actually had recognized their Judaism but was not willing to speak about their right to leave his country. He was unequivocal – the Falash Mura are part of Ethiopia, a land of many nations and religions. The Israeli government did not nudge the emperor much on this issue. Ambassador Aynor did everything in his power. The emperor would refer him to ministers and honorable figures of Jewish origin, such as Tadsa Yakub, and they would cool him down. Members of the sect, they said, would advance and be Ethiopians like them, half-Christians. The embassy and the Jewish Agency helped with Hebrew education, but not directly. I later found an angry letter from Hanan Aynor to the Foreign Ministry in Jerusalem: “We are arousing the hopes of the youth of the sect, but in practice, we cannot and are not trying to bring the to Israel. We are planting false seeds of hope.”
 Among all of this, the entire Israeli-Ethiopian relationship began to decline. The Arab and Muslim voices became louder in the Organization of African Unity. They threatened to move the center of the organization out of Addis Ababa unless Ethiopia severed its connections with Israel. The Arabs, led by the king of Saudi Arabia, promised money. Khadafi of Libya threatened the emperor vigorously. Sadat of Egypt put pressure on him. The day after the Yom Kippur War ended, Haile Selassie betrayed Israel, severed the ties and expelled the dozens of Israeli experts.

By doing so, the emperor quickened his own downfall. His betrayal of Israel worsened the crisis among the Christian elite. They were already confused. The top military brass did not know what was going on in the units of the battalions. I was once at a meeting of the Israeli advisors with the battalions of the army. They invited me to lecture and I stayed to listen. There were 36 battalions in the army’s four divisions. In each one of them, there was an Israeli who was actively involved. Young officers who lived with their Ethiopian colleagues in the field. With the first lieutenants and captains, not with the colonels. At the meeting, each one reported about his battalion. How they performed the exercises, how they complained about the corrupt officials. The Israelis knew everything. They also looked out for everything – that the supply arrived, that there was clean drinking water. After they were thrown out at the end of October 1973, there was no one looking out for the military’s companies on the ground. There was no one to report to the top brass of the government about what was happening in the combat units either. The entire government paid for that, very quickly. The revolution that erupted was cruel. The entire old leadership was murdered by the commanders of those companies. In the end, the emperor himself was also murdered and buried in secret, in contempt.
 
Ethiopia of the past disappeared, never to return. Major Mengistu Haile Mariam led a Stalinist regime, tried to uproot Ethiopia’s religious-spiritual past and rebuild it based on rigid socialism imported from the Soviet Union and later even from North Korea. The second chapter began. I returned and entered Ethiopia during his days, between 1974-1991. It was like a different country. The biblical atmosphere disappeared, and with it, the pride and the hope. People walked around fear-stricken. Afraid to even whisper in cafes. There was terror and civil wars. Poverty became much more severe. The comfort that had been in the sulka prayers, the hope that after the emperor, there would be democracy and advancement – were no more. It was a dark chapter in the country’s history.
 
Mengistu and his followers no longer attributed any sense of romance to Israel. At first, they invited the Israelis again because they wanted their help. Later, they relied on the Soviets and discontinued all contact. I got lucky. I was accepted as a historian and could see the country. I was also able to see how the regime was exacerbating the helplessness and trying to conceal the hunger and the death.
 
In the meantime, things changed in Israel as well. Rabbi Ovadia Yosef recognized the Judaism of Beta Israel, and Shlomo Hillel started to work to recognize their rights under the Law of Return. Israel was the one now going back to its ancient biblical roots. The strategic value of Ethiopia had declined – Israel began to negotiate peace with Egypt. Ethiopian Jews rose to the top of the Israeli agenda. “bring me the Jews of Ethiopia,” Menachem Begin ordered the head of the Israeli Mossad. In conjunction with the Jews of the United States and the rest of the world, and thanks to the pioneering spirit of the members of the Jewish sect in Ethiopia themselves, the immigration operations began. Operation Moses and Operation Solomon. Much has already been written about these, and there is still much to write. One of the oldest communities of Israel returned to live in its land.
 
In 1991, Mengistu Haile Mariam’s regime was also overthrown, and the third chapter began. The revolutionaries came from Tigray, from the region of Ras Alula, and their leaders accepted me appreciatively. I began to visit again almost every year. I saw the third chapter of Ethiopia in our times. Compared to the two chapters before it, it was an improvement. The country was rebuilt as a federation based on ethnic logic. It opened up to its inner diversity and to the world at large. To Muslims as well, who were about half of the country. The civil wars died down; the economy began to stabilize. It even started to grow, with all of the growth pains that come with accelerated growth. The dam on the Nile River is being gradually built, and it will promise electricity for continued development. There were, and remain, challenges and problems. The government, relying on the hegemony of an armed minority group, aroused opposition and did not hesitate to use force. In 2012, the strong leader Meles Zenawi died. I came and went; I saw the good and the less-good. The country changed a lot. On the one hand, there was a wave of development. Addis Ababa is no longer the sleepy city with sand streets and convoys of donkeys like in the emperor’s days. Nor is it a sad city under lockdown like in the days of Mengistu. Today, the city is one big construction site, a noisy traffic jam. Millions of children walk to school every morning. They are ascending, and will ascend, the stairs of education. Dozens of newspapers, organizations, and political movements are making noise in all directions. All of this is in addition to a population explosion, the deepening of social gaps, new problems, great expectations, frustration and bitterness. Ethiopia is moving forward. Sometimes slowly, and sometimes at exaggerated speed.
 
In April 2018, a fourth chapter began. It’s just starting. The charismatic prime minister, Abiy Ahmed, represents a young, educated generation. He is a military man, an academic, with both Oromo and Amhara ethnicity, and he speaks Tigrinya as well. He has both Islamic and Christian backgrounds. Abiy is trying, and even succeeding, to make peace in the region, and peace at home, and he has a sense of humor too. How this chapter of Ethiopia’s history will develop – we will wait and see.
We are at Yad Ben-Zvi, the residence of Israel’s second president. In June 1942, Yitzchak Ben-Zvi was one of the founders of the “Committee to Bring the Falash Mura, the Dispersed of Israel, Back Home.” As president of Israel between 1952-1963, Yitzchak Ben-Zvi did his utmost to recognize the Judaism of the sect and bring them to Israel. His vision was realized and we have been privileged to see it. A young, intelligent generation represents the beauty of the Beta Israel community. Pride and hope. May you all be successful!


Our Staff

Amy Dover

Amy Dover

Director of Special Projects & International Relations Coordinator

Amy Dover is committed to the values of tikkun olam and education for social change and has practiced them both professionally and personally from a young age. In recent years, Amy founded "Simu Lev", an organization matching North American donors with non-profits in Israel. The vision arose following twenty years of professional experience in the field of non-formal education and volunteer work with social justice and international development organizations in Israel, Canada, Central America and West Africa. Amy has many years experience working in the educational milieu with marginalized populations, community programming, service learning, as well as a very deep and meaningful connection with the Ethiopian community in Israel. Amy holds a BA in English Literature and Communications Studies from York University and a MEd in Critical Pedagogy and Cultural Studies, including cultural memory practices from the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education at the University of Toronto. Additionally, Amy studied Phototherapy at the Naggar School of Photography, Media and New Music, Musrara Jerusalem and has worked in the therapeutic arena using photography, texts and theatre for the past nine years. Additionally she is a trained childbirth educator and facilitates private groups in Jerusalem. In 2000, Amy made Aliyah from Canada. She currently lives in Jerusalem with her husband and their four sons. She is very excited to be working with Keren Hanan Aynor as a Communications Officer.
Adi Ittelman

Adi Ittelman

Website Management

Adi Ittelman has been maintaining the KHA website since 2012. He made Aliyah to Israel with his family in 1977. Adi holds a B.Sc. from Ben-Gurion University and an MBA from Tel-Aviv University. He lives in Aviel and teaches math in the Alona area.
Michael Stoltz

Michael Stoltz

U.S. Representative

Based in Chicago, Michael Stoltz recently joined KHA to help raise funds for our Ethiopian scholarship program and promote our organization and its mission in the United States and Canada. He has an extensive background in development work, communications, non-profit management and social media outreach. While living in Israel for 14 years, Michael served as a media aide in the Israeli Knesset and the Prime Minister’s Office and also headed global resource development for Ariel University. He holds a B.A. degree in History from Creighton University, a M.A. degree in Near Eastern Studies from New York University and also attended Tel Aviv University’s undergraduate/graduate overseas student program.


Our Donors

Over 25,000$
Dalia and Eli Hurvitz Foundation
 
Lev leman Israel, Norway
 
Bank Leumi of Israel
Friends of Ethiopian Jews
The Jewish Federation of Greater Seattle
JDC Israel
UJA Federation of New York
The Richard & Susan Master Family Foundation (Jewish Federation of the Lehigh Valley)
 
Harry Louis Yanoff and Jeannette Master Yanoff Charitable Fund of the Cumberland Community Foundation
 
Glencore Society for Education and Welfare
 
The Arkin Family Foundation
 
Joseph and Christina Kasierer Foundation
 
Weiss family
 
Goodman Family Fund
 


15,000$ to 25,000$
The Jewish Federation of Greater MetroWest, NJ / H. Steven & Nancy Roth Education Fund
Kennedy Leigh Charitable Trust
 
Frieze Family Foundation
 
Robert and Rivka Bitterman
 
Nancy Goodman
 
Martin and Hilde Levy Heilbrunn Charitable Fund
 
10,000$ to 15,000$
The Good People Fund
Swartz Family
 
Nathan Goodman
 
Up to 10,000$
Aroma Espresso Bar , Israel Discount Bank , Young Israel of West Hempstead , Leumi Max , Marcel feig , Check Point Software Technologies , The Everett Foundation , To Save a Life Foundation , Paul and Pearl Caslow Foundation , Redemix